Three Machines on Transparency

Three Machines on transparency is a project that is imagined as an “exhibition by appointment” where the artist guides the audience throughout the gallery installation. The machines represent artefacts that "do" philosophy or prototypes that materialize ideas. By demonstrating their functionality the artist synthesizes philosophical concepts into the corporeality of the physical prototypes.

THE GAZE

This is more of a device then it is a machine. This is a led light attached to a 3 core cable. The glass object is filled up with glycerine. Commonly a light beam does not go trough a glass bottle but it disperses. In optics the refractive index is a number that describes how light, or any other radiation, travels through that medium. The refractive index determines how much light is bent, or refracted, when entering a material.

focus and defocus


THE PRISON

This is a machine called- "The prison". It is an observational device that has one function and two processes providing heat and cold as manually controlled cycles. At the top you see an acrylic sphere covered with biodegradable thermoplastic material that changes it's transparency when heated up to 65°C thus becoming easily moldable. By cooling down slowly loses it's transparency and regains it's firmness. It is perfect for making small gears and it is used for that at the servo-controlled spray mechanism at the bottom of the machine. In this way an environment which triggers this changes in the thermoplastic is being created. Four servo controlled ice spray cans cool down to temperatures of -25 to -55°C.

At the bottom attached to the main power cord there is a 5v adapter that powers an Arduino which controls the servos by one switch. There is a reboxed "heat gun" in the middle of the machine, 5v adapter powering a "relay" (electrically operated switch usually using an electromagnet) attached to the main power cord. After a few seconds of heating you can observe the slow process of transparency.


To be exact this is called “translucency” in material terminology as the transport of light is allowed but not an image formation, so the visibility is restricted. Full transparency is impossible to a human being.

Byung Chul Han claims that from a Freudian perspective, the very idea that the subject can be transparent to herself is a phantasy. Only a machine is transparent and only two machines can communicate with each other in a transparent way. The human memory is distinct from computational data storage or memory. Human memory is historical and thus constantly restructured and rewritten. Stored data, however, does not change. It is merely added to existing data and therefore more transparent than human memory.

This machine is a model of “the panopticon”- a design of an institutional building (a prison) from Jeremy Bentham and allows for a single watchman to observe inmates without them knowing that they are being watched.


Foucault writes in his Discipline & Punishment that prisons are complicated institutions because in one sense, they are an extension of the mechanisms of observation and examination that operate outside their walls. Contrary to the panopticon in a disciplinary society, the digital panopticon does not isolate inmates- it connects them (Chul Han). 

heating to transparence


THE TIME

The time consists of a holder for the thermoplastic. This is how the material originally looks like.


The thermoplastic balls fill up the pipe and stop at the little push mechanism- a plate that gets pushed by the Bowden cable and then releases a small number of balls trough a rubber pipe into the hot water. As before-mentioned the thermoplastic becomes transparent and moldable at the temperature of 65°C so when they fall at the bottom they vanish into their own transparency.


In a few seconds the plastic balls rise to the surface and float to the edges of the glass bottle where they create a foam-like shape.

Transparent time is time without past or future.

transparent time

The time consists of a holder for the thermoplastic. This is how the material originally looks like.


The thermoplastic balls fill up the pipe and stop at the little push mechanism- a plate that gets pushed by the Bowden cable and then releases a small number of balls trough a rubber pipe into the hot water. As before-mentioned the thermoplastic becomes transparent and moldable at the temperature of 65°C so when they fall at the bottom they vanish into their own transparency.


In a few seconds the plastic balls rise to the surface and float to the edges of the glass bottle where they create a foam-like shape.

Transparent time is time without past or future.

disappearance 

see more at jasnadimitrovska.com


2014

PLA filament, thermochromic micro-granules, pvc tube, aluminium, wood, borosilicate glass, Arduino Micro, servo motors, various electronic components, ice-sprays, glycerine, pump, electric mini stove


Photo: Evi Oravecz

Models: Jukka Boehm, Irena Kukric, Canny Sutanto, David Beerman, Malte Mertz

Exhibited at: Gallery Flut, Bremen, Germany